By analyzing the documents provided, the effects that Japan’s Meiji Restoration had on the Japan and the rest of the world are made clearly evident. The long-established multi-ethnic empires—Ottoman, Qinq, Romanov, and Hapsburg—were all deteriorating, to be replaced by nation states who asserted a specific cultural entity. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In 1868 the Tokugawa shôgun ("great general"), who ruled Japan in the feudal period, lost his power and the emperor was restored to the supreme position. The Reign of the Meiji Emperor. Updates? By 1906, school attendance was as high as 95%, and Japan boasted one of the highest literacy rates in the world. "What Was the Meiji Restoration?" The daimyo and samurai started a revolt to bring the Meiji emperor to power. Such was the case in the development of a modern educational system that, though influenced by Western theory and practice, stressed the traditional values of samurai loyalty and social harmony. Szczepanski, Kallie. Japan was well on its way to becoming a modern industrialized country. They felt that it was important to have a strong Emperor at the center of Japan's political organization to project Japanese power and fend off Western imperialism. Japan’s empire grew immensely thanks to the nation’s modernized military. Get an answer for 'Meijing Restoration How did the Meijing Restoration change politics in Japan? The Meiji Restoration was a coup d’état that resulted in the dissolution of Japan’s feudal system of government and the restoration of the imperial system. The country was unified,replacing feudal domains. Iwakura understood that Japan would maintain sovereignty only if it embraced a certain degree of modernizatio… The Meiji period that followed the Restoration was an era of major political, economic, and social change in Japan. Japan's political elites realized that the U.S. and other countries were ahead in terms of military technology, and (quite rightly) felt threatened by western imperialism. The Meiji Restoration : Change And Domitarianism In Japan 1119 Words | 5 Pages. Consequently, Tokugawa shôgun who ruled Japan in the feudal period was deposed and the emperor was restored to the supreme position. Education, social class, and women’s roles changed drastically when Japan began to modernize. By the end of the Meiji Era, these situations were less common. Finally in 1889 the Meiji Constitution, presented as a gift from the emperor to the people, was officially promulgated. The Meiji Restoration. Omissions? However, it should be noted that clothing did not change significantly for the majority of Japanese. Western instruments and a formal music education were introduced, and as Japan became an imperial power military bands played a role in the shaping of Japanese society. The restoration event itself consisted of a coup d’état in the ancient imperial capital of Kyōto on January 3, 1868. The Meiji Restoration accelerated the industrialization process in Japan, which led to its rise as a military power by the year 1895, under the slogan of "Enrich the country, strengthen the military" (富国強兵, fukoku kyōhei) . Among those were: The Meiji period that followed the Restoration was an era of major political, economic, and social change in Japan. The modernization invoked by the Meiji restoration was so considerable that it is reasonable to call the latter a revolution. Those uprisings were repressed only with great difficulty by the newly formed army. The latter concern had its origins in the efforts by Western powers to “open” Japan, beginning in the 1850s after more than two centuries of near isolation, and the fear that Japan could be subjected to the same imperialist pressures that they observed happening in nearby China. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. It is named for Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor, who served as the figurehead for the movement. That was followed, after the end of the fighting, by the dismantling of the old feudal regime. The ideas for the reforms largely came about as a result of trips that Japanese officials took to the United States and Europe. The Meiji Era leaders sought economic development as a concomidant of strengthening Japan, but circumstances allowed them very little policy choice. It was because of some of these new laws that helped Japan become the country that it is today. In addition, the new government carried out policies to unify the monetary and tax systems, with the agricultural tax reform of 1873 providing its primary source of revenue. The Meiji Restoration was a political and social revolution in Japan from 1866 to 1869 that ended the power of the Tokugawa shogun and returned the Emperor to a central position in Japanese politics and culture. The Meiji Restoration was a paramount change in the structure of Japanese society from the top down that allowed Japan to heavily modernize in order to compete with European as well as American forces encroaching in the Pacific. Disgruntled samurai participated in several rebellions against the government, the most famous being led by the former restoration hero Saigō Takamori of Satsuma. After all, mighty Qing China had been brought to its knees by Britain fourteen years earlier in the First Opium War, and would soon lose the Second Opium War as well. The Meiji Restoration stands as one of the turning points of Japanese history. Meiji Restoration, in Japanese history, the political revolution in 1868 that brought about the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate (military government)—thus ending the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603–1867)—and, at least nominally, returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under Mutsuhito (the emperor Meiji). Also in 1871 a national army was formed, which was further strengthened two years later by a universal conscription law. Japan seized control of Korea, defeated Qing China in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 to '95, and shocked the world by defeating the Tsar's navy and army in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 to '05. Women of Japan were given the same rights as men, but were not treated as equals. The government, the most famous being led by the end of the Tokagawa.... 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