However, compared with the work of, say, Brahms, considered a master of the symphony, or the similarly-regarded Mahler (who wrote his Fifth, Sixth and Seventh symphonies in the first 5 years of the 20th century), Debussy’s l… Chromaticism features too – note the motifs in thirds in the winds, violas and cellos in bars 60-63. [7], Debussy completed La mer 5th March 1905 [8] and took the proofs to correct on holiday at the Grand Hotel, Eastbourne on the English Channel coast, at which he arrived 23rd July 1905, he described Eastbourne to his publisher, Durand, as "a charming peaceful spot: the sea unfurls itself with an utterly British correctness. The key signature of much of the first movement is also D flat, although it is used in the context of frequently ambiguous harmonies, often using modes and exotic scales. In La Mer, the full scope of Debussy's remarkable art is on display. However, compared with the work of, say, Brahms, considered a master of the symphony, or the similarly-regarded Mahler (who wrote his Fifth, Sixth and Seventh symphonies in the first 5 years of the 20th century), Debussy’s loose structures, lack of precise repetition of themes and rejection of linear harmonic progression present a markedly different approach. Already in 1894, Debussy showed the world the musical direction he saw as a way out of the excess of Romanticism in his symphonic work, ‘Prélude L’apres-midi d’un Faune’. Entreprise en 1903 dans une petite ville du nord de la Bourgogne (Villeneuve-la-Guyard), la composition de La Mer est achevée en 1905 pendant le séjour de Debussy sur la côte de la Manche à Eastbourne.L'œuvre est dédiée à Jacques Durand et créée le 15 octobre 1905 à Paris par l'orchestre Lamoureux sous la direction de Camille Chevillard. [25][n 5], The work was not performed in Britain until 1908, when the composer – though a reluctant conductor[n 6] – gave a performance at the Queen's Hall; the work was enthusiastically reviewed in The Times,[28] but The Observer thought it lacked "real force of elemental strength". Certains chercheurs sont effectivement spécialistes d'un style musical : par exemple Rob Bowman (expert sur la soul du label Stax), Adam Krims (rap), Robert Walser (heavy metal), ou 7 Cf. [41] The pianist Sviatoslav Richter called La mer "A piece that I rank alongside the St Matthew Passion and the Ring cycle as one of my favourite works". These tonalities are juxtaposed with a general lack of cadences and changes are sudden rather than prepared in any way, creating a harmonic language where the traditional tension-resolution mechanism of harmonic progression is rejected in favour of an alternative language. Voyez, près des étangs, ces grands roseaux mouillés. Ragtime syncopation in ‘Golliwog’s Cake-walk’ is combined with chromaticism in imitation rather than to create harmonic ambiguity (chromaticism is found widely in Joplin’s music). Here’s a quote of Debussy’s that I love, and feel like it captures his passion and style more than any music analysis could: In the first of ‘Deux Arabesques’ for piano solo (1888), the opening arpeggio ‘ripples’ culminate in dominant preparation at bar 5 to resolve onto E major at bar 6. Harmony is diatonic and many phrases progress to resolution through a perfect cadence (e.g. La mer was the second of Debussy's three orchestral works in three sections. Debussy’s orchestration is marked in its contrast of timbres. The form is a simple ABA with a clear recapitulation of the exposition. Malagueña: B2: Band 2—Habanera: B3: Band 3—Feria B. Harmony often uses tension-resolution devices such as the cadence, but also has passages where tonality is made ambiguous through unexpected added notes and chromaticism. There is extensive use of harp which emphasises the delicacy and lightness of much of the orchestral texture. He was usually a slow worker, and although the composition of La mer took him more than a year and a half, this was unusual… There are also clear changes in key, texture and rhythm at other points – e.g. clouds (Nuages) or the sea (La Mer). Shop and Buy La Mer sheet music. Thanks to Phdify team I finished my thesis in time! The three-part, cyclic symphony by César Franck (1888) was more to his liking, and its influence can be found in La mer (1905); this uses a quasi-symphonic form, its three sections making up a giant sonata-form movement with, as Orledge observes, a cyclic theme, in the manner of Franck. La Mer is a symphonic poem. Regardless of whether Snoop is right, the same could be said of 1990s hip hop. The main territory of Guadeloupe consists of the twin islands of Basse-Terre to the west and Grande-Terre to the east, the two being separated by a narrow channel, the Salée River. Dissertation Consulting ServicesSince 2004. The second movement is a scherzo, its mood contrasting with the more stately first and last movements. 567 Broadway is an exercise dance class that caters to musical-theater die-hards. [4] Although the detailed scheme of the work changed during its composition, Debussy decided from the outset that it was to be "three symphonic sketches" with the title La mer. The film plays like a video-book of the novel as most of the story is told either through narration or monologues. 6/7/2012 11:13:58 AM. la mer: Musical Instruments, Stage & Studio. Instead of a conventional recapitulation, the opening flute passage provides motifs that Debussy refers to again later in the piece, but always with some kind of transformation. Trezise writes that "for much of La Mer, Debussy spurns the more obvious devices associated with the sea, wind, and concomitant storm in favour of his own, highly individual vocabulary". Harmonic devices such as triads float in parallel movement, creating touches of colour with any sense of linear progression in the traditional harmonic sense lost. Also The repetition of the theme from bar 9 at bar 112 helps to unify the movement (this is the same theme restated in the third movement). [3], Debussy retained fond childhood memories of the beauties of the sea, but when composing La mer he rarely visited it, spending most of his time far away from large bodies of water. "[14] Yet the work has sometimes been called a symphony, even on occasion, by Debussy himself. Start studying Musical Style Chapters 8-13. In conclusion, it is clear that ‘La mer’ is an innovative large-scale work. As a musical ‘motion picture’ of marine phenomena, it has no equal. The first, the Nocturnes, was premiered in Paris in 1901, and though it had not made any great impact with the public it was well reviewed by musicians including Paul Dukas, Alfred Bruneau and Pierre de Bréville. La Mer (literally 'The Sea') was a confusing prospect to audiences of 1905, as it was neither a normal symphony nor a complete departure. In the words of Habermas, “Modernity revolts against the normalising functions of tradition.”. Lalo objected to what he felt was the artificiality of the piece: "a reproduction of nature; a wonderfully refined, ingenious and carefully composed reproduction, but a reproduction none the less". Its slow introduction may have been inspired by Franck’s and D’Indy’s use of the device. LA MER Creme De La Mer is a moisturizing cream that soothes, moisturizes and protects against dryness. I like how the background melody plays lower-pitched, longer held notes while the melodies on top are more stacatto and very high-pitched, it complements well. 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